For Bengaluru-based Saurabh (he declined to offer his final title) and Chandigarh-based Nimish Goyal, the Bombay High Court judgment within the Yes Bank AT1 bonds case was the result of an extended wrestle. Around a 3rd of Saurabh’s dad and mom’ retirement kitty had been invested in these bonds and it was worn out in March 2020 when the financial institution collapsed.
Noida-based Ashok Kumar Tyagi, 65, had purchased the AT1 bonds from his retirement funds . Tyagi says he invested his complete financial savings within the bonds—an quantity exceeding ₹1 crore. His daughter was unwell and he wanted cash for her therapy. When the AT1 bonds had been written off, the household now not had entry to the cash. She died in 2022.
The write-off of the bonds dealt a extreme blow to Gurugram-based Amit Awasthi as properly. His father had in 2017 invested round ₹1.3 crore—his complete life financial savings—within the bonds. “I hid the information from my father for a yr. I believed he would get a coronary heart assault. When the curiosity didn’t get credited to his account, he requested me once more. I performed down the information and informed him we’d get the cash again. Instead, I transferred him cash from my account and supported him for 3 years,” Amit said.
The 700-odd retail investors in Yes Bank AT1 bonds held only a small fraction of the roughly ₹8,400 crore issuance. Many of them were mis-sold these products by Yes Bank relationship managers on the promise of high interest.
When Yes Bank failed, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) came up with a rescue plan which envisaged a takeover by SBI. However, Yes Bank’s implementation of this plan saw the AT1 bonds being written off altogether. Since its equity investors were not affected (equity being the first level of risk-absorption in a bankruptcy), AT1 bond investors saw the write-off as being manifestly unfair.
Not all experts, however, agree on this. “AT1 bonds are by design meant to be written off when certain capital ratios are breached. Writing off equity is not a condition that is precedent for writing off these bonds. So I don’t think this decision will stand. However, ideally they should have written off equity also, on moral grounds,” stated Deepak Shenoy, founder, Capital Mind.
The Bombay High Court didn’t handle this query. It rejected the write-off on a technicality—it was accepted by the administrator appointed to Yes Bank after his powers ceased to exist.
On 12 April 2021, Sebi levied a penalty of ₹25 crore on Yes Bank and penalties starting from ₹50 lakh to ₹1 crore on a few of its workers, a call that was stayed by the Securities Appellate Tribunal.
Meanwhile, people proudly owning these AT1 bonds determined to combat again. They fashioned an affiliation of round 400 aggrieved individuals and picked up funds to problem the write-down within the courts. They employed Srijan Sinha, a lawyer who had a historical past of combating monetary circumstances. At the time, Sinha was representing purchasers of Karvy Wealth Management who had been bought NCDs by numerous builders who defaulted.
The Yes Bank AT1 case was an costly proposition and occurred through the covid pandemic when assembly individuals was tough. The AT1 buyers discovered one another over social media and fashioned a registered affiliation.
Fighting the case value the affiliation roughly ₹25 lakh through the years and this excludes the effort and time that Saurabh and Nimish put into organizing the 400 buyers scattered across the nation who had collectively invested round ₹160 crore within the AT1 bonds. Each of them contributed funds for the case in proportion to the bonds that she or he held.
“I count on RBI and Yes Bank will attraction within the Supreme Court. But, for us, it is a victory,” stated Nimish. A inventory alternate submitting by Yes Bank on 20 January confirmed that will probably be interesting the choice within the Supreme Court.
The bulk of the roughly ₹8,400 crore value AT1 bonds are owned by establishments together with mutual funds (MFs) which in the end symbolize retail buyers. These MFs, which collectively held round ₹2,848 crore of AT1 bonds, are prone to see a ‘write-back’ or development in web asset worth if the court docket judgment is upheld.
To get a full checklist of funds which can see write backs, click on right here (https://bit.ly/3GWllVr).
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