On Thursday, India invited Egyptian President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi because the Chief Guest on Republic Day on January 26 subsequent 12 months, as a part of New Delhi’s endeavours to enhance and strengthen its political and navy relations with Cairo. The invite to Egyptian President El Sisi can also be seen as India’s outreach to the continent and to the nation which is Africa’s second-largest financial system. Both international locations commemorated the seventy fifth anniversary of their diplomatic ties this 12 months.
According to the experiences, the crimson carpet reception for President Sisi signifies that Delhi-Cairo connections will achieve particular emphasis within the coming months and years. Dr S. Jaishankar, External Affairs Minister, and Defence Minister Rajnath Singh each visited the nation earlier this 12 months. During their travels, each ministers met with Egypt’s President, with Jaishankar delivering a private message from Prime Minister Modi to him.
Wheat, Tejas & civilizational join:India & Egypt set to extend political, navy ties as New Delhi rolls out crimson carpet for Cairo
Guest since Modi Govt took cost
2019: South Africa
2023: Egypt https://t.co/jsu0tYbe99
— Sidhant Sibal (@sidhant) November 25, 2022
Defence Minister Rajnath Singh’s go to to Cairo in September was considered an important gesture, as each international locations expanded navy ties. During his go to, he met together with his Egyptian counterpart, General Mohamed Zaki, and an MoU within the defence sector was inked. Both leaders additionally agreed to give attention to cooperative coaching, protection co-production, and gear upkeep. Reportedly, Egypt is also curious about buying Tejas fighter planes from India.
Deeply appreciated President Sisi’s steering in additional growing varied dimensions of our relationship. Briefed him on my discussions with FM Sameh Shoukry on this regard.
— Dr. S. Jaishankar (@DrSJaishankar) October 16, 2022
The nation was additionally welcomed to the India-Africa Defence Dialogue and the IOR Defence Ministers’ Conclave, which happened in October on the margins of the twelfth DefExpo in Gandhinagar, Gujarat. There has been one robust collaboration between the Indian and Egyptian air forces, together with efforts within the Nineteen Sixties to collectively construct a fighter plane. From the Nineteen Sixties to 1984, IAF pilots additionally mentored Egyptian pilots. Egypt usually provides transit providers to IAF and Indian Navy plane touring to and from Russia, Europe, and the United States.
In September 2016, President Sisi had visited India. Sisi additionally met PM Modi in October 2015 on the Third India-Africa Forum Summit in New Delhi. Both leaders additionally had met on the sidelines of the United Nations General Assembly in New York the identical 12 months.
The North African nation has additionally been invited by India to the G20 summit, which will likely be held in New Delhi in September 2023. This is the second time the Modi authorities has invited an African chief to have a good time Republic Day. India has been desirous to strengthen connections with Africa, and the subsequent India-Africa summit, which was performed in 2015, may additionally happen subsequent 12 months.
Egypt has lengthy been one among India’s most important African industrial companions. Despite the Covid pandemic, commerce quantity dropped solely a little, to US $ 4.5 billion in 2019-20 and US $ 4.15 billion in 2020-21. During the Russia-Ukraine disaster, India additionally had provided wheat to the nation.
Prior to the disaster, Egypt imported about 80% of its wheat provide from Russia and Ukraine. In April of this 12 months, the Egyptian Cabinet declared that India had been added to the listing of acknowledged nations that may export wheat to Egypt, placing an finish to a long-standing non-tariff barrier.
Notably, Egypt has by no means been invited to India’s Republic Day commemorations since 1950. India has welcomed its most visitors from Asian international locations (36), adopted by Europe (24), Africa (11), South Africa (6), North America (2), and Oceania (1). Since PM Modi assumed workplace in 2014, India has invited US President Barack Obama (2015), French President Francois Hollande (2016), UAE’s Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan (2017), all ASEAN leaders (2018), South Africa’s Cyril Ramaphosa (2019), and Brazil’s Jair Bolsonaro (2020).
However, no republic visitors have been invited within the earlier two years (2021 and 2022) due to the COVID pandemic. This 12 months, India needed to ask all Central Asian leaders, however the plan bought thwarted by COVID unfold. Boris Johnson, the then-Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, was invited as a visitor in 2021, however Britain was coping with the COVID subject on the time. This 12 months’s republic day will likely be presided over by new Indian President Draupadi Murmu.